1600- The French and the British were working with the Natives.

Toutatis or Teutates was a Celtic god worshipped in ancient Gaul and Britain. On the basis of his name’s etymology, he has been widely interpreted to be a tribal protector.1 Today, he is best known under the name Toutatis (pronounced [towˈtaːtis] in Gaulish2) through the Gaulish oath/catchphrase “By Toutatis!”, invented for the Asterix comics by Goscinny and Uderzo. The spelling Toutatis, however, is authentic and attested by about ten ancient inscriptions.3 Under the spelling Teutates, the god is also known from a passage in Lucan.

The name “Teutates” is derived from the stem teutā-, meaning “people” or “tribe”, cognate with the Germanic *þeudō.4

A large number of Romano-British finger rings inscribed with the name “TOT”, thought to refer to Toutatis, have been found in eastern Britain, the vast majority in Lincolnshire, but some in Bedfordshire, Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire. The distribution of these rings closely matches the territory of the Corieltauvi tribe.7 In 2005 a silver ring inscribed DEO TOTA (“to the god Toutatis”) and [VTERE] FELIX ([use this ring] happily") was discovered at Hockliffe, Bedfordshire. This inscription confirmed that the inscription TOT did indeed refer to the god Toutatis.8

In 2012 a silver ring inscribed “TOT” was found in the area where the Hallaton Treasure had been discovered twelve years earlier. Adam Daubney, an expert on this type of ring, suggests that Hallaton may have been a site of worship of the god Toutatis.9


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